Approximately 38 percent of Tanzania’s land area is set aside in protected areas for conservation, and most of them are the main source of attraction in this beautiful country, the country has a good number of national parks as listed below:
NORTHERN & WESTERN CIRCUIT.
Arusha National Park, once in Arusha the first national park you will encounter is the arusha national park, the park is found at the foot of mount meru, Arusha national park has a range of habitat where is a home of black and white colobus monkey, after your arrival at Kilimanjaro national park on your way to Arusha you will pass the road that head to Arusha National park.
Tarangire National Park, The name of the park comes from two words Tara and Ngire: “Tara” in Mbugwe language means “river” and word “Ngire” in Hadzabe language means “warthog” and In the Dry season, between June and October, large herds of animals are attracted to the Tarangire River to seek water, the park is found just one hour from Arusha.
Lake Manyara National Park, This is a famous park mostly know for its tree climbing lion, the lion climb trees because the tree have steep branches which make it easy for them to climb, the park is found at the base of rift valley escarpment with a stunning scenery.
Serengeti National Park, This is one of the most famous national park in Africa and award winning national park for the Africa leading national park for the year 2020, this is oldest park and a Unesco World Heritage Site, the name of the park is derived from a maasai word “seringit” which means endless plain, the park has a good number of wildlife and birds which makes it makes it great places for life viewing throughout the year, also the park is famous for the great wildebeest migration where from July to September the migration is on the northern part of mara river and from December to march the migration is on southern part which is Ndutu area between Serengeti and Ngorongoro.
Mkomazi National park, despite its small number of wildlife mkomazi has a virgin breathtaking beauty exhibiting unique natural treasures and immense sense of space which adds to the fulfillment of high visitor’s enjoyment expectations. In this park rhino sanctuary was constructed and the captive-breeding program for the African wild dog was established so as to improve number of this endangered species, the park is found in Kilimanjaro at same region.
Ngorongoro Crater, The Ngorongoro Conservation Area is a protected area and a World Heritage Site; there is a large volcanic caldera within the area. The property has global importance for biodiversity conservation due to the presence of globally threatened species, the density of wildlife inhabiting the area, and the annual migration of wildebeest, zebra, gazelles and other animals into the northern plains. Extensive archaeological research has also yielded a long sequence of evidence of human evolution and human-environment dynamics, including early hominid footprints dating back 3.6 million years.
Saanane National Park, The Park made a record of being the first ever National Park to be located within the City (Mwanza) and the smallest National Park in both Tanzania and East Africa. The Park is the home of mammals like Impala, Rock Hyrax, Velvet Monkeys and Wild Cats. The presence of “De-brazas Monkey” underscores its potential as the only Park in the country inhabiting the species. Reptiles are also dominant; they include crocodiles, Monitor Lizards, Agama Lizards, Pancake and Leopard Tortoises, Snakes particularly Python.
Gombe national park, this is one of the best places in Africa to track chimpanzees. First researched in the 60’s by Jane Goodall, Guided walks are available that take visitors deep into the forest to observe and sit with the extraordinary primates for an entire morning, The park’s 200-odd bird, the species range from the iconic fish eagle to the jewel-like Peter’s twin spots that hop tamely around the visitors’ centre.
Mahale National Park, in this park the chimpanzees are the main attraction, the park lies on the eastern shore of Lake Tanganyika in Kigoma Region, Tanzania. Named after the Mahale Mountains range that is within its borders, the park has a wide range of forest fauna and flora (Angola colobus, red colobus, red-tailed and blue monkeys, forest birds, alpine bamboo etc.
Katavi National Park, It offers un-spoilt wildlife viewing in the country’s third-largest national park in a remote location far off the beaten track. The national park is Africa at its most wild unadulterated bush settings, spectacular views, and rich wildlife. Four of the Big Five are present. Lion, buffalo and elephant are all very common but leopard sightings are more hit-and-miss. Rhino is absent.
SOUTHERN & EASTERN CIRCUIT.
Ruaha National Park, The Park is found at iringa, this is the second largest national park with an area of 20,226 km², and is center for the research of the endangered wild dogs, there are good number of wild dogs compare to other national parks, the park is also famous for its good number of Greater and lesser kudu.
Mikumi National Park, The park is found in Morogoro few minutes from the city, the park has a huge number of Impala and also huge number of Lions, the park is often compared to the more famous Serengeti Plains. At the end of the Dry season the waterholes, including the hippo pool which attract most of the wildlife to seek water.
Saadani national park, Saadani is the only park in Tanzania where the beach meets with the bush, it is the only park in East Africa with an Indian Ocean beachfront, there is huge number of warthog within the park and also huge number of predators. Yet it is also the one place where those idle hours of sunbathing might be interrupted by an elephant strolling past, or a lion coming to drink at the nearby waterhole!.
Udzungwa National Park, the park is found on beautiful sambara mountain, where tourist hike to have a beautiful view of this great city, while hiking you will be able to see tree along with their names and description. Udzungwa has an excellent network of forest trails includes the popular half-day ramble to Sanje Waterfall, which is about 170 metres (550 feet). There are more than 400 bird species, 2500 plant species (25% of which are endemics) and 6 primate species. It has the second largest biodiversity of a national park in Africa.
Nyerere National Park, Nyerere National Park (formerly Selous GR) is Africa’s largest national park with an area of 54,600 km². The lifeblood of this wilderness is the mighty Rufiji River and network of interconnected lakes. It is a key landscape for endangered wild dog, which share the reserve with plenty of crocodile, lion, leopard, hippo, elephant, black rhino, buffalo and more than 400 bird species.
Kitulo National Park, Locals refer to the Kitulo Plateau as Bustani ya Mungu “The Garden of God” whereas botanists have dubbed it the Serengeti of Flowers, host to ‘one of the great floral spectacles of the world’. Having its unique flower species remained wild, with birds singing and migrating to the highland forests, Kitulo Plateau National Park is latest and a new comer to Tanzania’s tourist attractive sites.
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